苏菲的世界(Sophie’s World)

这本书以小说的形式,通过一名哲学导师向一个叫苏菲的女孩传授哲学知识的经过,揭示了西方哲学发展的历程。由前苏格拉底时代到萨特,以及亚里士多德、笛卡儿、黑格尔等人的思想都通过作者生动的笔触跃然纸上,并配以当时的历史背景加以解释,引人入胜。评论家认为,对于那些从未读过哲学课程的人而言,此书是最为合适的入门书,而对于那些以往读过一些哲学而已忘得一干二净的人士,也可起到温故知新的作用。

14岁的少女苏菲不断接到一些极不寻常的来信,世界像谜团一般在她眼前展开。在一位神秘导师的指引下,苏菲开始思索,她运用少女天生的悟性与后天知识,企图解开这些谜团。然而,事实真相远比她所想的更怪异、更离奇……

图书简介(英文)

Sophie Amundsen (Sofie Amundsen in the Norwegian version) is a 14-year-old girl who lives in Norway in the year 1990. She lives with her mother and her cat, Sherekan, as well as with her goldfish, a tortoise, and two budgerigars. Her father is a captain of an oil tanker, and is away for most of the year.

The book begins with Sophie receiving two anonymous messages in her mailbox (the first asking, “Who are you?”, the second asking, “Where does the world come from?”) and a postcard addressed to ‘Hilde Møller Knag, c/o Sophie Amundsen’. Shortly afterwards, she receives a packet of papers, part of a correspondence course in philosophy.

With these mysterious communications, Sophie becomes the student of a fifty-year-old philosopher, Alberto Knox. Initially, he is completely anonymous to Sophie, but he later reveals more and more about himself. The papers and the packet both turn out to be from him, but the post card is not; it is addressed from someone called Albert Knag, who is a major in a United Nations peacekeeping unit stationed in Lebanon.

Alberto teaches her about the history of philosophy. She gets a substantive and understandable review from the Pre-Socratics to Jean-Paul Sartre. Along with the philosophy lessons, Sophie and Alberto try to outwit the mysterious Albert Knag, who appears to have God-like powers, which Alberto finds quite troubling.

Sophie learns about medieval philosophy while being lectured by Alberto, dressed as a monk, in an ancient church, and she learns about Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir in a French café. Various philosophical questions and methods of reasoning are put before Sophie, as she attempts to work them out on her own. Many of Knox’s philosophic packets to her are preluded by more short questions, such as “Why is Lego the most ingenious toy in the world?”

Alberto takes Sophie from the Hellenistic civilization to the rise of Christianity and its interaction with Ancient Greek thought on to the Middle Ages. Over the course of the book, he covers the Renaissance, Baroque, Enlightenment and Romantic periods, with the philosophies that stemmed from them.

Mixed in with the philosophy lessons is a plot rather more akin to normal teenage novels, in which Sophie interacts with her mother and her friend Joanna. This is not the focus of the story but simply serves to move the plot along. After the introduction to George Berkeley, the perspective of the novel shifts to the mysterious Hilde. Sophie and Alberto’s entire world is revealed to be a literary construction by Albert Knag as a present for his daughter, Hilde, on her 15th birthday.

The novel continues with Hilde’s story as a framing device for Sophie’s story, but the stories intertwine as Hilde’s understanding of philosophy grows alongside Sophie’s understanding. As Albert Knag continues to meddle with Sophie’s life, Alberto helps her fight back by teaching her everything he knows about philosophy. That, he explains, is the only way to understand her world. Meanwhile, Alberto’s lessons allow Hilde to develop her own understanding of Sophie’s world and use her knowledge against her father for exercising too much power over Sophie’s world.

This is laced with events that appear to be scientifically impossible, such as Sophie seeing her reflection in a mirror wink at her with both eyes or actually seeing Socrates and Plato. Hilde’s book (by her father) ends with Sophie and Alberto disappearing. Gaarder reveals that they have managed to escape Albert Knag’s mind into Hilde’s world as spirits.

作者信息

乔斯坦·贾德,1952年生于挪威,担任高中哲学教师多年,以《苏菲的世界》一书,奠定全球知名畅销作家的地位;执著于人的本质与人生终极意义的探索与思考;设立挪威环境与发展奖项——“苏菲奖”。

作者简介(英文)

Jostein Gaarder (Norwegian: [ˈju:staɪn ˈgɔːrdər]; born August 8, 1952) is a Norwegian intellectual and author of several novels, short stories and children’s books. Gaarder often writes from the perspective of children, exploring their sense of wonder about the world. He often uses metafiction in his works, writing stories within stories.

Gaarder was born into a pedagogical family. His best known work is the novel Sophie’s World, subtitled A Novel about the History of Philosophy. This popular work has been translated into fifty-three languages; there are over thirty million copies in print.

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苏菲的世界(Sophie’s World)

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